Test 1 Section 4 #36
You’re in the calculator section, so the fastest way to get this is by graphing. Just type the function in carefully, and graph it:
Those vertical asymptotes around x = 3 tell you that 3 is probably the answer. Want to make sure? Look at your Table:
Yep, the function is undefined at x = 3.
Whenever I post a calculator-based solution, though, people always ask me how to solve without a calculator. Of course, there’s a way, but here is a good place for me to recommend to you that if you don’t have one of your own, you find a calculator you can use on test day (maybe you can borrow one from school) and take the time now to get used to using it. Anyway, the math:
What they’re trying to show you there with the (x – 5)s is that you might want to consider them a whole value and simplify this by substituting for (x – 5). Let’s say (x – 5) = p for a moment. Then we can say:
Of course, that’s a binomial square, so we can say:
Now reintroduce (x – 5) for p:
And that is why the function is undefined at x = 3: the denominator equals zero when x = 3.
Note that you can also simplify to if you expand the denominator rather than doing the substitution I just did. That’s not too much more labor intensive and is arguably more straightforward. That solution looks like this: