The cube above is made from 27 small cubes, each with an edge of length 1. If the shaded cube is removed what will be the surface area of the remaining solid?

A cube with edge of length 4 is divided into 8 identical cubes. How much greater is the combined surface area of the 8 smaller cubes than the surface area of the original cube?

A) 48

B) 56

C) 96

D) 288

E) 384