## When would you use a semicolon vs a colon when dealing with explanations?

When would you use a semicolon vs a colon when dealing with explanations?
For example, in the following sentence, which would be better?

Walker was not only a trailblazer in the medical field; she was also a relentless visionary.
or
Walker was not only a trailblazer in the medical field: she was also a relentless visionary.

## Walker was not only a trailblazer in the medical field; she was also a relentless visionary.

Walker was not only a trailblazer in the medical field; she was also a relentless visionary.

Or

Walker was not only a trailblazer in the medical field, she was also a relentless visionary.

## When do we use a comma before “for”?

-When do we use a comma before “for”?

## Although one of the (most frequently) taught of William Faulkner’s works, ‘Light in August’ (remains) one of (the least) understood, one of the hardest to bring into (either) intellectual or aesthetic focus.

Hi Mike!
Although one of the (most frequently) taught of William Faulkner’s works, ‘Light in August’ (remains) one of (the least) understood, one of the hardest to bring into (either) intellectual or aesthetic focus.(No Error)
The answer is no error but isn’t this sentence incomplete because it doesn’t have a dependent clause for ‘although’?
Thank you!

## Last year, the average salary of a first-time (teacher was \$29,564 annually, increasing 3.2 percent over the previous year).

Last year, the average salary of a first-time (teacher was \$29,564 annually, increasing 3.2 percent over the previous year).
B) teacher was \$29,564 annually, an increase of 3.2 percent over that of
C) teacher was \$29,564, an increase of 3.2 percent from

The answer is C. I understand that “annually” is redundant, but isn’t C an illogical comparison between salary and year? Are “that of” and “those of” only correct when used in an actual comparison (i.e. “like…” “-er”)? Thanks!

## Around 230 million years ago, the west coast of what is now Europe and the bulge of northwestern Africa began to collide slowly with the east coast of North America, (the comin together of the landmasses to form the supercontinent Pangea)

Around 230 million years ago, the west coast of what is now Europe and the bulge of northwestern Africa began to collide slowly with the east coast of North America, (the comin together of the landmasses to form the supercontinent Pangea).
A. The coming together of the landmasses to form the supercontinent Pangea
B. The land masses coming together to form the supercontinent Pangea
Why is B right? Thanks

## Whiptails, the more speedier (A) of lizards, are remarkable creatures because (B) in thirteen of the known (C) species the females reproduce without (D) mating with males.

Whiptails, the more speedier (A) of lizards, are remarkable creatures because (B) in thirteen of the known (C) species the females reproduce without (D) mating with males. No error (E) Could you please explain why a is the correct answer?

## London (differs from) other cities, (such as) Paris and New York, (in that) its shopping areas are so (widely) spread out.

hello mike,
1) London (differs from) other cities, (such as) Paris and New York, (in that) its shopping areas are so (widely) spread out. (No error). i chose c because that refers to any of the three cities,

## The increase in hours they are required to work in an understaffed, unsupportive situation (have angered the nurses at West Branch Home and threatened a walkout).

The increase in hours they are required to work in an understaffed, unsupportive situation (have angered the nurses at West Branch Home and threatened a walkout).
B) has angered the nurses at West Branch Home and caused them to threaten a walkout
E) has angered the nurses at West Branch Home to have a walkout
the answer is (B) but i don’t know why. (E) is more concise and seems to be grammatically correct as well. HELP MIKE!!!

## Superbowl commercial (perfectly) target (their) demographics because the advertisers regularly (spent) exorbitant amounts of time and money (designing) the ads.

Superbowl commercial (perfectly) target (their) demographics because the advertisers regularly (spent) exorbitant amounts of time and money (designing) the ads. (no error)
The answer is (spent) and i know its because of the tense, but how is (designing) correct here? isn’t it a misplaced modifier because ‘money’ cannot design???

## From its modest beginnings a.(AS) a series of brief vignettes to b. (ITS ESTABLISHMENT AS) the longest-running prime-time animated series on television, The Simpsons c. (TRANSFORMED) the way d. (BOTH THE) audiences and television programmers view the animated sitcom.

Hello Mike! I hope you are doing well!
This was a question from SAT question of the day
From its modest beginnings a.(AS) a series of brief vignettes to b. (ITS ESTABLISHMENT AS) the longest-running prime-time animated series on television, The Simpsons c. (TRANSFORMED) the way d. (BOTH THE) audiences and television programmers view the animated sitcom.
THe answer was D due to a paralleism error. But then aren’t the words being compared/being parallel both nouns?
Thank you

## (To stand in) Persepolis in modern Iran and look out, as Darius the First (must have done), at the immense (sweep of fields and mountains) is (to grasp) the vastness of the ancient Persian Empire.

Hi Mike! I know this question has been asked before by someone else but I am still confused: (To stand in) Persepolis in modern Iran and look out, as Darius the First (must have done), at the immense (sweep of fields and mountains) is (to grasp) the vastness of the ancient Persian Empire. (No error)
When I looked in a grammar book that I had, I found out that “must” is in present tense and “had to” is the correct past tense. Since Darius the First clearly belongs to the past, I’m very confused.

## Although talking while gesturing with one’s hands was once considered undesirable, researchers have now found that TO USE GETURES WHEN YOU CONVERSE MAKES IT EASIER FOR MANY PEOPLE TO THINK AND SPEAK.

Although talking while gesturing with one’s hands was once considered undesirable, researchers have now found that TO USE GETURES WHEN YOU CONVERSE MAKES IT EASIER FOR MANY PEOPLE TO THINK AND SPEAK.
C) For the ease of many people during conversations one should gesture to think and speak.
D)Using gestures during conversation makes thinking and speaking easier for many people.
I was able to eliminate other choices. I don’t understand why C works because it agrees with the pronoun “one”?
Thanks

## First run in 1867 and still taking place every summer, the Belmont Stakes, a horse race for thoroughbred three-year-olds, [was] one of the oldest races in the United States.

Don’t we use the present perfect tense if something happened in the past and is still happening today/now?
First run in 1867 and still taking place every summer, the Belmont Stakes, a horse race for thoroughbred three-year-olds, [was] one of the oldest races in the United States.
a)was
b)is
c)were
d)are
e)has been
According to the collegeboard, B is the answer? Isn’t it supposed to be E? Thank you Mike.

## In one scene, Nike, the ancient goddess of victory, alights on a ship, (her wings outspread, with her garments rippling) in the wind.

In one scene, Nike, the ancient goddess of victory, alights on a ship, (her wings outspread, with her garments rippling) in the wind.
A) same
B) her wings are outspread, her garments ripple
C) her wings outspread and her garments rippling
E) whose wings are outspread and her garments rippling
the answer is C, but i thought A,B,C were all momma splices because it has a subject and a verb… how do i solve this problem?