In a certain class of 70 students, 4/7 of the students are boys, and the ratio of students 10 years or older to students less than 10 years is 2:3. If 2/3 of the girls are less than 10 years old, how many boys are 10 years old or older?

OK, so you have 40 boys and 30 girls. That’s easy enough to calculate because you’re given a part:whole ratio (boys to total students) and you already know the total number of students is 70. Be careful about the second ratio, though, because it’s a part:part ratio! If the ratio of older to younger is (more…)

The polygon ABCDEFGHI is a regular 9-sided polygon with consecutive vertices labeled in alphabetical order. What is the measure of angle ACE?

OK, so when you have a regular n-gon, you can figure out each angle in it using this formula: [(n-2)180]/n. In this case, 7*180/9 = 140, so we know each angle in the polygon is 140°. I couldn’t draw this quickly on the computer I’m on, so I found a good n-gon picture to mark (more…)

2x-5y=8 4x+ky=17 For which of the following values of k will the system of equations above have no solution (A)-10 (B)-5 (C)0 (D)5 (E)10

When a system of linear equations has no solution, that means you have parallel lines, which means the lines have the same slope. So put both equations into slope-intercept form (y = mx + b) first: In order for those lines to be parallel, their slopes must be equal, which means 2/5 = -4/k. That means k must be (more…)

The volume, V, of a right circular cylinder is given by the formula V=πr^2*h, where r is the radius of the base and h is the height of the cylinder. If r is divided by 2 and h is multiplied by 2, the new cylinder’s volume V will be: A) 1/4 the original volume B) 1/2 the original volume C) the original volume D) 2 times the original volume

Just do those things and simplify: Looks like the volume of the second cylinder is half the volume of the first! 🙂 The shortcut here is to recognize that the r value gets squared but the h value doesn’t, so you can say the volume is divided by 4 then multiplied by 2. from Tumblr https://ift.tt/2De8uzO

In a circle with center O, the length of radius OB is 5. If the length of chord CD is 8, and if line CD perpendicular to line OB, then sin angle OCD =

Start by drawing it! Note that OC = 5 and OD = 5 because both of those are also radii. Note also that because chord CD is perpendicular to OB, it’s bisected by OB. In other words, it’s split into 2 segments each measuring 4.   Things are really coming together! Because we know our Pythagorean (more…)

While flying from Los Angeles to New york, Pat fell asleep after travelling exactly half of the distance. When she woke up, tge distance remaining was half of the distance she travelled while asleep. For what part of the trip was pat asleep?

Let’s work backwards, and use hours instead of distance for ease (assume the plane travels at a constant speed for our purposes). Let’s say when she woke up, she had 1 hour left in her flight. That’s half of the time she was sleeping so she must’ve slept for 2 hours. She first fell asleep (more…)