Which of the following equations describes a circle with radius 10 that passes through the origin when graphed in the xy-plane?

Which of the following equations describes a circle with radius 10 that passes through the origin when graphed in the xy-plane?

A) (x – 5)² + (y+5)² = 10

B) (x – 5)² + (y+5)² = 100

C) (x – 10)² + (y+10)² = 10

D) (x – 5√2)² + (y+5√2)² = 100

Clearly, A) is out because that one does not have a radius of 10. What is the most time-efficient way to solve this? Sketch and eyeball?

In the xy-plane what is the slope of the line that passes through the origin and makes a 42° angle with the positive x-axis? A. 0.67 B. 0.74 C. 0.90 D. 1.11

Trigonometry does the trick here. Below is that line making a 42° angle with the positive x-axis. I’ve also drawn a dotted segment to make myself a neat little right triangle. Remember that slope is rise over run—how high the line climbs divided by how far it travels right. In this case, the dotted segment (more…)